ASPECTS OF GHANA'S FOREIGN POLICY
Since independence, Ghana has been held in high esteem in the comity of nations, thanks to its consistent show of leadership in international matters, especially within the West African region and on the African continent.
Our foreign policy will be one of the principal agents of Ghana’s socioeconomic resurgence. The government will improve on the efficiency and effectiveness of our foreign missions. We will redirect their emphasis to the search for economic opportunities with the view to opening markets for Ghanaian goods, while attracting foreign investments into the Ghanaian economy. To achieve this, the government will also review existing policies to take into account the new world order with respect to developments like Brexit, the emergence of China and other BRICS nations – Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa
I. ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY
The government will prioritize the development of economic opportunities in our foreign policy, by opening up markets abroad for Ghanaian goods and services and attracting foreign investments. An important task of our diplomatic missions will be to link our businessmen with foreign counterparts in strategic alliances and partnerships to develop the private sector, and to market the country as an attractive destination for foreign investment. The Ministry will facilitate linkages between Ambassadors and High Commissioners and MMDCEs with the view of maximizing investment and trade opportunities for local authorities.
II. DEMOCRACY AND FOREIGN AFFAIRS
The government is proud of its democratic heritage. We will support democracy and the growing trend towards democratisation in all parts of the world, especially in Africa. The government will support the strengthening of democratic governance, the rule of law, civil rights and political freedoms everywhere. We remain firmly committed to our membership of ECOWAS, the African Union (AU), NEPAD, La Francophonie, the Commonwealth and the UN. These organisations champion the cause of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law. Ghana will improve her stake and role in a strong and vibrant regional market and enhance our role in the activities of the AU.
III. MULTILATERALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Ghana believes strongly that it can defend its national interests, and maintain its sovereign independence, yet take decisions with itsmore powerful friends, partners and allies without deferring to them.
IV. GHANA AND ECOWAS
Recognizing the advantages of an expanded market for intra-regional trade and economic co-operation, Ghana will work towards the realisation of all the objectives of ECOWAS, including working for the rapid establishment of an ECOWAS regional market. A strong and vibrant ECOWAS will not only be a stimulus for our economic development, but will also serve as a springboard for the realization of an African Economic Community. The government will encourage all groupings within the region to harmonise their objectives and operations with a view to facilitating rapidly the achievement of a united and strong West Africa as a basis for a united and strong Africa.
V. GHANA AND THE AFRICAN UNION (AU) The government is fully committed to the objectives of the AU. We will do all in our power to make the Union work more efficiently and purposefully for the advancement of the African continent and its peoples, as stated in Agenda 2063. We will support the genuine aspirations of all African countries towards the realization of Africa’s developmental objectives. The government will play an active part in the effort to create the African Continental Free Trade Area (ACFTA).
VI. GHANA AND THE COMMONWEALTH
Ghana’s ties to the governments and peoples of the Commonwealth are based on shared democratic values, history, language and common interests. We will not waver in upholding the tenets of the Commonwealth of Nations. Ghana continued membership of the Commonwealth helps foster greater international understanding, internalize best practices,and maximize our benefits through economic and technical cooperation and enhance international peace and security.
VII. GHANA AND THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF LA FRANCOPHONIE
Government will strengthen its ties with other members of the International Organisation of La Francophonie as a means of broadening our global reach in promoting our culture, tourism, trade and investment relations.
VIII. GHANA AND THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION
Ghana continues to play an active role in the UN and its specialized agencies as well as other affiliated agencies like ILO, FAO, UNICEF, World Bank and the IMF, and continue our commitment to attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
IX. THE DIASPORA
A significant aspect of Ghana's foreign policy will be the promotion of the welfare of Ghanaians living in the diaspora. The government will endeavour to avail all our nationals living abroad due access to all provisions of laws that affect them. The government will continue to welcome back to the country Ghanaians living in the diaspora, as well as people of African descent and make them feel at home. Government will develop close social and cultural ties with our kith and kin to our mutual benefit. The granting of dual citizenship has now restored the basic rights of Ghanaians living abroad, who, for one reason or another, had to adopt the citizenship of their host countries, and thereby lost their Ghanaian citizenship. Ghanaians living abroad are a critical part of the skills base that is needed for economic transformation. Rather than treating Ghanaians in the diaspora as second-class citizens, the government would put in place a policy framework that would encourage those, who may or may not have acquired other citizenship to bring their skills back home to assist in the development of our country. Government will expand further the opportunities that will allow Ghanaians living abroad to participate fully in our national discourse and benefit fully from the opportunities this nation has to offer. In furtherance of this, government will help in the implementation of the Representation of The People’s Law, 1992 (PNDCL 284), as amended (alias ROPAL). The Diaspora Affairs Bureau has been moved from the Foreign Ministry to the Office of the President to coordinate more effectively all matters affecting Ghanaians in the diaspora